Project 515 Defense of Marriage Act was enacted in September, 1996, having been passed by the two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives in USA. The project was meant to deny same-sex marriages recognition in all the US states, even if other states had already legalized the marriage.
The issue about same-sex marriage being legally unconstitutional started in the early 1960s, but the issue did not gain as much weight as it required in order to be billed in the parliament. It however began to take an interesting course in 1980s and during Bill Clinton’s administration in 1996, the motion was brought to parliament. It gained a lot of support from both houses, and had a lot of votes to an extent that Bill Clinton the President had no choice but to sign it, though he thought of it as ‘unnecessary and divisive’. Though his moral stand did not advocate for homosexuality, he loathed the idea of having the homosexuals think he was against them. He therefore signed the bill into law half-hearted.
The signing of the bill into a law brought a lot of motions and demonstrations in the states, as it meant that the same-sex couples would not be licensed or even recognized as married. They would not receive the same benefits from the government as those married heterosexually, including insurance benefits entitle to government employees.
However, section 3 of the law was questionable, and many people termed it as unconstitutional. This made the law weak, and it was totally declared unconstitutional recently. In accordance to the United States constitution, section 3 reads, in determining the meaning of any Act of the Congress, or of any ruling, regulation or the interpretation of the various administrative bureaus and agencies of the United States, the word ‘marriage’ means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word ‘spouse’ refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife.
During the case of Windsor versus the United States of America, Windsor won in retrieving the tax that had been taken from a land that had been owned by lesbians after one of the spouses died, when the government failed to recognize the left spouse as one. From then to 2013, the project 515 Defense of Marriage Act decision seemed to waver, as many more couples brought complaint and filed it logically in court.
Finally President Obama’s administration declared that the law’s section 3 was unconstitutional, unless the judicially explained it differently. His declaration was met with ululations from gay activists, as this meant that finally same –sex couples would be treated in the same way as the heterosexuals were, and the benefits entitled to families would be available to them too.
Project 515 Defense of Marriage Act decision therefore seems as if its future is blurred, with the majority being against it at all costs, and with the homosexual activists vowing to fight till they are fully accepted as married couples, just like others. If you didn’t know, now you know.